Intersex people in Zambia struggle to have their gender identity properly recorded on legal documents because the law does not recognize their existence. They are often asked to produce results from expensive medical tests to prove their status and face official hostility because being intersex is often associated with homosexuality, which is illegal in the country.
Nongovernmental organizations and civil-society groups in Zambia are backing a move to eliminate the possibility of bail for those accused of sex offenses against children. The groups say that bail allows alleged abusers to intimidate their accusers into not showing up in court, to traumatize the victims further and to commit more crimes, although those accused of such crimes criticize the practices of police and slow-moving courts in such cases, as well.
In Zambia, girls often miss school because of difficulty managing menstrual periods without sanitary supplies and facilities. Girls are still waiting for the government to follow through on a 2016 promise to address the problem with free sanitary pads.
The Zambian government, moving to improve infant health, is proposing to broaden the current ban on formula and other breast milk substitutes to include infant foods. Penalties for advertising such products would also be widened.