Local governments will have a right to compensation from the revenue, and citizens will be entitled to seek redress for a polluted environment, says lawyer Patson Wilbroad Arinaitwe. He stresses the importance of regular environmental audits by the government and urges a requirement that companies monitor themselves, though the nation lacks a culture of enforcement and compliance.
Agriculture remains the most common job and primary income for most Ugandans, though climate change—exemplified in the 2016 drought that devastated crops and livestock—is challenging traditional farming techniques. The Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries has for years been training farmers in a variety of techniques to battle drought and erosion while increasing yields, and these trained farmers are now passing on their know-how to their compatriots.
The twenty-year civil war with the Lord’s Resistance Army led to the abduction of children, some of whom were later subjected to sexual violence. As a result, many children who were born in captivity do not know their paternal lineage, and hence suffer rejection and discrimination. But churches, NGOS and cultural institutions are trying to equip them with income-generating skills and psychosocial counseling, in addition to reuniting them with their families.
In Katwe, one of the poorest areas in Uganda’s capital, Robert Katende challenges chess elitism by teaching children the game. For one disabled student, learning chess has meant new hope for the future and a chance to transcend some of the challenges of being confined to a wheelchair.
Farming in wetlands erodes the land and threatens an important water source, but many farmers say they have no choice but to use the only land available to them to feed and support their families. Officials acknowledge these challenges, but hope that alternate urban gardens and permits for wetland gardens will help protect the land from further loss.