Throughout East Africa, presidents are using a variety of controversial methods to overstay term limits and remain in power. Uganda might be the next to follow suit as its leader bumps up against its constitution’s upper age limit for holding office.
Much of the land in Uganda is owned by families under a traditional system, which uses geographical features as boundary markers and knowledge maintained by clan elders. The recent civil war has destroyed those markers, and most of the elders who know who owns what have passed away. As families return to their land, they now have a difficult task to prove it belongs to them.
Traditional land management in Uganda is causing problems as the country modernizes and land disputes rise. A spokesman for the country’s Ministry of Lands talked with the Global Press about how land owners can protect their land by documenting ownership properly.
In rural northwestern Uganda, rates of HIV infection are the lowest in the country. The region’s success is attributed to community-based efforts aimed at preventing risky behavior, including an end to the custom of three-day wedding ceremonies with dancing every night.
In rural Uganda, where polygamy is a common practice, a married woman is traditionally seen as a property resident rather than a property co-owner. But the 8,000 Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies (SACCOs) in Uganda are giving women a voice. Men cannot put up land as loan collateral without consulting their spouse, requiring loan requests to be co-signed by wives.
Local governments will have a right to compensation from the revenue, and citizens will be entitled to seek redress for a polluted environment, says lawyer Patson Wilbroad Arinaitwe. He stresses the importance of regular environmental audits by the government and urges a requirement that companies monitor themselves, though the nation lacks a culture of enforcement and compliance.
Agriculture remains the most common job and primary income for most Ugandans, though climate change—exemplified in the 2016 drought that devastated crops and livestock—is challenging traditional farming techniques. The Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries has for years been training farmers in a variety of techniques to battle drought and erosion while increasing yields, and these trained farmers are now passing on their know-how to their compatriots.