The Nepalese government struggles to enforce a law requiring all international volunteers to apply for work permits before taking even unpaid jobs in the country. Some volunteers take temporary jobs at children’s homes, some of which offer the visitors unfettered access to children.
Schools in remote, mountainous regions like the Baitadi district lack basic amenities and adequate sanitation. Safe water is hard to come by, but the government is spending more on education and building more toilets.
Nearly 400,000 Nepalese work abroad, and they pay into a special fund to provide scholarships for children of migrant workers who are killed or seriously injured. There’s a catch, though: Only the children of those who were abroad legally can qualify for the help.
In Nepal, sex work is common among women of the Badi community, locally considered a sub-caste. Government aid to provide other job prospects for Badi sex workers has declined, forcing many to remain in the trade as they say it affords them a decent income.
The Nepalese government outlawed the haliya - indentured servitude - system in 2008, but thousands of people are still stuck in bonded labor. They say they need land to support themselves, but the government struggles to even find them.