More than 7 million Rwandans do their banking through their cellphones, but many of the agents who facilitate the banking transactions never declared their income to the country’s tax authority. Now the tax authority has started taking a 15-percent withholding tax from these agents’ incomes with the cellphone provider, plunging some of these agents into financial turmoil.
Barely more than one-third of the members of Zimbabwe’s Parliament are women, and the average age of past election candidates has been over 50. That’s part of what makes Joanah Mamombe, the 25-year-old woman who represents Harare West, exceptional – and her work with young people is already beginning to draw attention in her district.
Fear of change, as well as a legendarily corrupt political system, will challenge Sam Lyomoki, a member of the nation’s ruling party. His proposals include a streamlining of Parliament and assurances of public access to health, education and utilities.
In Nepal, many families view the birth of a baby girl as an economic burden. To reduce sex-selective abortion, one city in Nepal is encouraging families to keep their daughters - and it’s paying them for having baby girls.
People who are transgender in Argentina were often arrested without cause in past decades, but now the government might have to atone for those actions. A new bill proposes that sexual minorities who were mistreated by police be granted a financial settlement.
Officials in the capital city agreed in 2015 to make it cheaper and simpler for people to request a formal gender change on legal identity documents, but the change excluded those under 18, who must still submit to a court trial. Supporters are lobbying for alterations in Mexico City’s planned new constitution that would give minors the right to request gender and name changes through the administrative proceeding rather than a court proceeding.
David Bahati, the Ugandan lawmaker who has consistently pushed for harsh laws to curb homosexuality, tells Global Press Journal how he felt when the law he drafted was overturned, and what he plans to do to revive it in the future. Uganda’s anti-gay stance has been widely denounced as a human rights violation.
Two major political parties support granting amnesty to those guilty of crimes and atrocities during a decade-long conflict, and this plan is feared to mar the efforts of the two-year-old Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which has already been criticized as ineffective. Voices from several points of view convey the tensions surrounding the transitional justice process.
Much of the land in Uganda is owned by families under a traditional system, which uses geographical features as boundary markers and knowledge maintained by clan elders. The recent civil war has destroyed those markers, and most of the elders who know who owns what have passed away. As families return to their land, they now have a difficult task to prove it belongs to them.
Since 2010, kidnappings have been common throughout North Kivu province and citizens blame the government for the lack of security in the region. Rebel groups are suspected in most kidnappings, which seek to fetch high ransoms.