Many young men from Indian-administered Kashmir have moved south to the Indian capital of New Delhi, searching for opportunities that are hard to find at home. Even with tensions escalating after a bombing that killed 40 Indian security personnel, going back isn’t the easiest option.
Threats to their safety aren’t new for people from Indian-administered Kashmir who live in other parts of India. But many now fear heightened backlash in the wake of the Feb. 14 attack on Indian armed forces.
About half of the 14,000 Rohingya refugees known to be living in India are in and around Jammu, a city in a contested area near India’s northern tip. They fled Myanmar to escape extreme anti-Muslim violence, but they’re facing similar sentiments now in Jammu.
With sexual assaults and harassment against women seemingly rampant and rising in India, and attitudes among men often tolerant of it, several groups and the government are taking action. Many of these attacks come on increasingly crowded public transportation. Some programs are working to prevent harassment, while others strive to deal with offenses after they occur.
Afghan refugee girls who had little chance to learn in their home country discover they can – and, in fact, must – attend free public schools in India. Young Afghan girls can now dare to dream of becoming professionals. Still, with scant financial resources and temporary legal status, they face major obstacles to university study.
Ever since a brutal rape and murder galvanized public outrage in 2012, women of New Delhi have been learning to defend themselves. Most girls and women have long felt vulnerable to sexual assault in the city, according to a survey conducted before the notorious assault.