Winter wheat was once one of Zimbabwe’s most successful crops. But electricity shortages are making it difficult to grow, leaving Zimbabweans with the impossible choice of either waiting hours in long fuel lines to fill their generators or not growing it at all.
Deforestation in Zimbabwe is hitting the country’s timber industry hard. Industry officials say that illegal settlers are responsible for the damages, but for the settlers, it’s their livelihoods on the line.
In DRC, internally displaced people settling in new areas cut down forests and burn land to clear it for planting – often without the required permits and scant knowledge of how the practice affects the environment.
In Uganda, farmers often dry their maize crop directly on the ground, which is cheaper than buying cloth to spread them on. But the practice increases the risk of disease-causing aflatoxins and could decrease maize exports if levels exceed international standards.
It’s been nearly 40 years since Zimbabwe gained independence, but the war still haunts the northeastern part of the country. Despite demining efforts, active land mines riddle the area, threatening local farmers’ livestock and families.
The terrain around Hutwe, a village in DRC’s North Kivu province, has long been rich and fertile, but armed violence there in the 1990s and 2000s isolated the area. Now, the violence has abated, and a cooperative is helping farmers process and sell their high-quality coffee.